Development of deep underground mining projects is crucial for optimum extraction of mineral deposits. The main challenges at great depth are high rock stress levels, seismic events, large-scale deformation, sudden failures and high temperatures that may cause abrupt and unpredictable instability and collapse over a large scale. In this paper, a ground control and management strategy was presented corresponding to the three stages of projects: strategic design, tactical design and operational design. Strategic design is results in preparing a broad plan and primary design for mining excavations. The tactical design is to provide detail design such as stabilisation methods. Operational design stage is related to monitoring and updating design parameters. The most effective ground control strategies in this stage are maintenance, rehabilitation, monitoring and contingency plan. Additionally, a new procedure for design of ground support systems for deep and hard rock was proposed. The main principles are: static and/or dynamic loading types, determination of loading sources, characterisation of geological conditions and the effects of orientation of major structures with openings, estimation of ground loading factor, identification of potential primary and secondary failures, utilisation of appropriate design analysis methods, estimation of depth failure, calculation of the static and/or dynamic demand ground support capacity, and selection of surface and reinforcement elements. Gravitational force is the dominant loading force in low-level stresses. In high stress level, failure mechanism becomes more complex in rock mass structures. In this condition, a variety of factors such as release of stored energy due to seismic events, stress concentration, and major structures influence on ground behaviour and judgement are very complicated. The key rock engineering schemes to minimise the risk of failures in high-stress levels at great depth involve depressurisation and quality control of materials. Microseismic and blast monitoring throughout the mining operations are required to control sudden failures. Proper excavation sequences in underground stopes based on top-down, bottom-up, centre-out and abutment-centre were discussed. Also, the performance of a ground support system was examined by field observation monitoring systems for controlling and modifying ground support elements. The important outcome of the research is that the proposed procedure of selecting ground support systems for static and dynamic situations was applied in several deep underground mines in Western Australia. Ground behaviour modes and failure mechanism were identified and assessed. Ground demand for static and dynamic conditions was estimated and an appropriate ground support system was selected and evaluated in site-specific conditions according to proposed method for ground support design at great depth. The stability of rock masses was confirmed, and the reliability of the design methodology for great depth and hard rock conditions was also justified.