The International Information Center for Geotechnical Engineers

Summary of Surface Blasting and Damages with Analysis of Two Mitigation Techniques – Presplit and Smooth Blasting


Dick, R. A., Fletcher, L. R., and D'Andrea, D. V. (1982). Explosives and Blasting Procedures Manual, Bureau of Mines, Washington, D.C.

Hoek, E., Carranza-Torres, C., and Corkum, B. "Hoek-Brown Failure Criterion - 2002 Edition". Proc. NARMS-TAC Conference, Toronto, 2002, 1, 267-273.

Hoek, E. (2007). "Blasting Damage in Rock." Practical Rock Engineering.

Hu, Y., Lu, W., Chen, M., Yan, P., and Yang, J. (2013). "Comparison of Blast-Induced Damage Between Presplit and Smooth Blasting of High Rock Slope." Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, 47 (4), 1307-1320.

Langefors, U., and Kihlstrӧm, B. (1978). The Modern Technique of Rock Blasting, 3rd Ed., Wiley and Sons Inc., NY.

Peterson, J. A. (2001). Blast Damage Mechanisms at Ekati(TM) Mine (Order No. MQ69811). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses A&I; ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Full Text; ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (304744467).

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). (1972). Systematic Drilling and Blasting for Surface Excavations Engineering Manual. Engineer Manual 1110-2-3800, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Washington, D.C.


1.       Explosives

2.       Blast Hole Diameter and Drilling

3.       Burden

4.       Bench Height

5.       Spacing

6.       Detonation

7.       Stemming

8.       Properties of the Rock Mass

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