Field tests can measure the soil response in situ where the ground is not disturbed and the in-situ conditions are preserved.
The most common in-situ tests are the following:
The Surface Wave Method, but also Seismic Reflection and Seismic Refraction tests are widely used as they do not require boreholes or penetrations into the ground which can be time-consuming and expensive. Therefore, they are simple and low-cost solutions.
For the 2020 Burmister Lecture, Emeritus Professo...