The International Information Center for Geotechnical Engineers

Permeable Reactive Barriers - References



Bronstein, K. (2005). Permeable Reactive Barriers for Inorganic and Radionuclide Contamination. National Network of Environmental Manegment Studies Fellow.

Courcelles, B. (2012). Radial Filtration in Permeable Reactive Barriers. International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Remediation, 1(1). doi:10.11159/ijepr.2012.015

Day, S., O’Hannesin, S., & Marsden, L. (1999, June 30). Geotechnical techniques for the construction of reactive barriers. Journal of hazardous materials. Retrieved from

Di Nardo, A., Di Natale, M., Erto, A., Musmarra, D., & Vortonea, I. (2010). Permeable reactive barrier for groundwater PCE remediation : the case study of a solid waste landfill pollution. ESCAPE20. doi:10.1016/S1570-7946(10)28170-1

Di Natale, F., Di Natale, M., Greco, R., Lancia, a, Laudante, C., & Musmarra, D. (2008). Groundwater protection from cadmium contamination by permeable reactive barriers. Journal of hazardous materials, 160(2-3), 428–34. Retrieved from

EPA. (2006). East Helena: Zero-Valent Iron Permeable Reactive Barrier Treatment of Arsenic in Groundwater.

Gavaskar, A. (1999). Design of construction techniques for permeable reactive barriers. Journal of hazardous materials, 68(1-2), 41–71.

ITRC. (2005). Permeable Reactive Barriers : Lessons Learned / New Directions.

ITRC Mining Waste Team. (2005). Permeable Reactive Barrier Systems. ITRC. Retrieved from

Olson, T. M., & Higgens, M. R. (2009). Life-Cycle Case Study Comparison of Permeable Reactive Barrier versus Pump-and-Treat Remediation. Environmental Science and Technology, 43(24), 9432–9438.

Richards, P. (2008). Seven‐year performance evaluation of a permeable reactive barrier. Remediation Journal, 18(3), 63–78. Retrieved from

Thiruvenkatachari, R., Vigneswaran, S., & Naidu, R. (2008). Permeable Reactive Barrier for Groundwater Remediation. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 14, 145–156.

Tinker Air Force Base. (2006). Tinker View Acres. Retrieved from

U.S. Department of Energy. (2005). Performance Assessment and Recommendations for Rejuvenation of a Permeable Reactive Barrier : Cotter Corporation  ’ s Canon City , Colorado , Uranium Mill.

University of Newcastle Australia. (2012). Georemediation. Retrieved from

Vogan, J. L. (1999). Performance evaluation of a permeable reactive barrier for remediation of dissolved chlorinated solvents in groundwater.

Wilkin, R. T., Acree, S. D., Ross, R. R., Beak, D. G., & Lee, T. R. (2009). Performance of a zerovalent iron reactive barrier for the treatment of arsenic in groundwater: Part 1. Hydrogeochemical studies. Journal of contaminant hydrology, 106(1-2), 1–14. doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2008.12.002

Yeh, C.-H., Lin, C.-W., & Wu, C.-H. (2010). A permeable reactive barrier for the bioremediation of BTEX-contaminated groundwater: Microbial community distribution and removal efficiencies. Journal of hazardous materials, 178(1-3), 74–80. Retrieved from


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